Dr. Jeffrey Switzer & Lt. General Crocker: October 18, 2016


One in Six People Worldwide Will Have a Stroke in Their Lifetime 1

World Stroke Day is October 29th

dr-jeffrey-switzer    lt-gen-crocker

Dr. Jeffrey A. Switzer, D.O., M.C.T.S., Associate Professor, Director, Telestroke and Teleneurology, Director, Comprehensive Stroke Center, Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Lieutenant General George Crocker – stroke survivor, Clinton, Arkansas

Every 40 seconds, someone in the US suffers a stroke.2 When it comes to treating a stroke victim, finding immediate medical attention plays a significant role in reducing the patient’s risk of serious long-term disability and even death. Unfortunately, more than 75 percent of US counties do not have hospitals that can treat stroke patients.3 However, with the advance of “telemedicine,” which uses electronic communication methods, such as telephone, Internet, and videoconferencing to exchange medical information from one geographic site to another, telestroke networks can now provide stroke care for underserved regions.4-5

Telestroke can be used to close the gap in access to expert stroke care, allowing improved access to expert care for patients with an acute stroke, and may improve overall stroke management.5-6  HCPs and Hospitals can provide access to high quality care for patients by using a network of telemedicine that is set up, even if they don’t have the specialty in-house.7

The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association recommends the use of telemedicine to improve stroke care in underserved areas.8

Retired Lieutenant General George Crocker was working on his car in the garage when he felt a sudden sharp pain in the back of his head. General Crocker lost consciousness and fell to the floor. His wife recognized the signs and symptoms of stroke and called 9-1-1 immediately to get him the help he needed.

The General was transported to his local hospital where he was evaluated and treated by a neurologist via telestroke. Since suffering his stroke in May 2015, General Crocker has fully recovered and by sharing his story he hopes to help others understand the importance of recognizing the symptoms of a stroke.

October 29th is World Stroke Day, and the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association is urging the public to learn the warning signs of stroke and to act “F.A.S.T.” Millions of Americans, regardless of age, race or gender are at risk for or suffer from disabilities due to stroke.9

The acronym: F.A.S.T. (Face, Arm, Speech, Time) can be used as a quick screening tool:10 F=FACE, loss of function on one side of your face, which may look like drooping; A=ARMS, sudden weakness on one side, which may mean you can’t hold the arm up; S=SPEECH, like slurred speech; T=TIME, time to call 9-1-1.10

If you know how to spot the signs of a stroke, you can identify the symptoms and call 9-1-1 to receive the diagnosis and treatment you may need.

Did You Know?

  • Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability and the fifth leading cause of death in the United States.11
  • Someone in the U.S. dies of stroke every four minutes2
  • As of 2010, about 6.8 million Americans age 20 and up suffered a stroke12
  • One in every three Americans does not know any of the warning signs of stroke13
  • Stroke can happen to anyone at any time, regardless of race, sex or age9
  • Telestroke technology can provide improved stroke care to patients in underserved areas4


More About Dr. Jeffrey A. Switzer, D.O., M.C.T.S.:

Dr. Switzer graduated from the Medical College of Georgia at August University, where he currently resides as an Associate Professor, the Director of Telestroke and Teleneurology, as well as the Director of the Comprehensive Stroke Center in the Department of Neurology. Augusta University is a world-class health care network offering the most comprehensive care in the region. Dr. Switzer has spent most of his career continuing his own education and passion by focusing on areas that include Telestroke and acute stroke treatment. Dr. Switzer has won many awards including the 2015 Fenwick T. Nichols Department of Neurology Resident Teaching Award.


More About Lieutenant General Crocker:

George Crocker is a retired Lieutenant General for the U.S. Army who served for 34 years. Since retirement, General Crocker enjoys being active and doing the things he loves, like spending time with his family. George lives with his wife in Clinton, Arkansas.

More About Stroke:


There are three main types of stroke that can occur.14 About 87 percent of all strokes are acute ischemic strokes, which occur when a clot in an artery or blood vessel cuts off blood flow to the brain.10 Every minute lost increases the chance of stroke-related disability or death.9 If left untreated, acute ischemic stroke, can result in the loss of brain function, leading to disability or death.15 There may be options available for some patients to help manage stroke.

¹ World Stroke Campaign. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.world-stroke.org/advocacy/world-stroke-campaign

2 Stroke Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 1, 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/docs/fs_stroke.pdf

3Revised and Updated Recommendations for the Establishment of Primary Stroke Centers. (2011, August 25). Retrieved August 30, 2016, fromhttp://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/42/9/2651.full

4What Is Telestroke? (n.d.). Retrieved August 16, 2016, from https://www.activase.com/telestroke/what-is-telestroke

5Hess, D. C., Wang, S., Gross, H., Nichols, F. T., Hall, C. E., & Adams, R. J. (2006). Telestroke: Extending stroke expertise into underserved areas. The Lancet Neurology, 5(3), 275-278. doi:10.1016/s1474-4422(06)70377-5

6Demaerschalk, et al. Mayo Clin Proc. 2009;84:53-64.

7Telehealth: Helping Hospitals Deliver Cost-Effective Care. (2016, April 22). Retrieved September 7, 2016, from http://www.aha.org/content/16/16telehealthissuebrief.pdf

8Recommendations for the Implementation of Telemedicine Within Stroke Systems of Care. (2009, May 7). Retrieved August 30, 2016, fromhttp://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/40/7/2635.full

9Stroke 101: Fast Facts on Stroke. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.stroke.org/sites/default/files/resources/NSA_%20FactSheet_Stroke_101_2014.pdf

10 Act FAST. Retrieved June 3, 2015, from http://www.stroke.org/understand-stroke/recognizing-stroke/act-fast

11Stroke Facts. (2015). Retrieved March 18, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/stroke/facts.htm

12Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2014 Update. (2013, December 18). Retrieved April 14, 2016, fromhttp://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2013/12/18/01.cir.0000441139.02102.80

13Together to End Stroke Spring 2014 Fact Sheet. Retrieved September 9, 2015 from http://www.strokeassociation.org/idc/groups/stroke-public/@wcm/@hcm/@sta/documents/downloadable/ucm_462739.pdf

14Types of Stroke Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/stroke/types_of_stroke.htm

15Stroke Treatments. Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/Treatment/Stroke-Treatments_UCM_310892_Article.jsp#ischemi


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